The Crescent was built between 1780 and 1789 for William Cavendish, the 5th Duke of Devonshire, as part of his plan to establish Buxton as a fashionable Georgian spa town.
The facade forms an arc of a circle facing southeast. It was built incorporating a hotel, five lodging houses, and a grand assembly room with a fine painted ceiling.
The Crescent is a Grade-I-listed building owing much to the Royal Crescent in Bath, but described by the Royal Institution of British Architects as “more richly decorated and altogether more complex”. it was designed by the architect John Carr.
A £50 million redevelopment project include a 80-bedroom 5* spa hotel occupying the majority of the Crescent and which will incorporate the magnificent Assembly Rooms and a thermal natural mineral water spa in the Natural Baths. The project will also feature 6 retail units in the front ground floor.